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Fire Extinguisher Basics: How to Use It Correctly and Safely

Fire is inevitable. A Fire Extinguisher is essential for anybody who encounters a blaze at some point in their lives; thus, adequate training is critical. There are instructions on the extinguishers themselves, but they are frequently confusing in the heat of battle when trying to use one against a raging inferno. Misusing a fire extinguisher might result in inefficient extinguishment and even potentially fatal injuries in the event of a fire.

Firms must guarantee that their staff knows how to utilize a fire extinguisher if a fire breaks out in the workplace. Using this knowledge, people may learn how to use a fire extinguisher the right way. Fire Extinguisher Training is another topic that may be explored to better equip people to deal with the many fires that may occur in a structure.

Before learning how to use a Fire Extinguisher, you must first know its different types. There are five main types of fire extinguishers to put out various sorts of flames.

  • Class A = Used for ordinary materials like cloth, wood, and paper.

  • Class B = Used for combustible and flammable liquids like grease, gasoline, oil, and oil-based paints.

  • Class C = Used for electrical equipment like appliances, tools, or other equipment that is plugged in.

  • Class D = Used for flammable metals

  • Class K = Used for vegetable oils, animal oils, and fats in cooking appliances.

Consider pulling the fire alarm, leave the area, and notify the fire department if a portable extinguisher is ineffective in putting out a blaze that has not previously been put out.

Using a fire extinguisher, we have to remember the acronym PASS = Pull, Aim, Squeeze, Sweep.

  1. Pull: Pull the pin on the extinguisher to break the tamper seal.

  2. Aim: The extinguisher should be aimed towards the bottom of the fire, with the nozzle or hose aimed at the blaze's base. A CO2 extinguisher's horn becomes very cold and should never be touched.

  3. Squeeze: Squeeze the top handle of the extinguisher to discharge the extinguishing agent.

  4. Sweep: Sweep the base of the fire, the fuel source, until the flames have died down completely. For floor fires, sweep inward from the boundaries of a fire on the floor. For wall fires, start at the bottom and work your way up.

Evacuate the premises immediately and notify the fire department if you can't face a fire. Never attempt to extinguish a fire until it is in its earliest stages, and always prioritize the safety of yourself and others around you. If you're unable to put out the fire or the extinguisher runs out, you and everyone else in the building should be evacuated.





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