Many variables impact the strength and finish ability of concrete. Concrete's strength and appearance are directly related to the ratio of each of these components. The power of the concrete increases if the aggregate concentration is greater, but the finishing process becomes more difficult. As a result, the ratio of components used in concrete is entirely up to chance.
Let's see the different finishes of concrete
To finish the surface of the concrete, a trowel is used to smooth and fine-level the surface. Manual and motorized trowels are both common. To use a manual trowel, one pushes or pulls a flat steel blade over the surface of wet concrete. It looks like a big fan, with its blades resting straight on the pavement. Power trowels are frequent on big commercial and industrial projects since manual ones are inconvenient in such situations. Power trowels have blades that resemble large fans, and they rest directly on the concrete surface they're working with.
It is possible to get a broom finished concrete by dragging a broom over the troweled surface. When a broom is dragged over new concrete, it leaves microscopic ridges that improve grip and reduce slipping. Slick concrete surfaces become dangerous when covered with water or other liquids. Concrete surfaces may be made more slippery by applying a broom finish. After the concrete has been poured, leveled, and troweled, this is the last step.
Stamped Concrete Finish
This kind of stamped concrete is created by laying panels with inlaid patterns on fresh concrete. It's possible to add color to the concrete after removing the forms by staining it, as seen below. Stamped concrete is created by pressing the desired patterns into the newly leveled concrete. Upon completion of its construction, this form of concrete finish resembles stones like flagstones, brick, tile, or even wood with the necessary ability.
Exposed Aggregate Finish
The edges of the natural stone aggregates embedded in the concrete may be seen after washing away the top layer of concrete. As a consequence, you'll have a shiny, slip-resistant surface. A variety of other materials may give exposed concrete a distinctive look. Among the many examples are rose quartz, limestone, dark grey and black basalt, red and blue granite, tinted glass, and even seashells. It is used to polish the surface of the partially cured concrete using a Power Floater or a Diamond Polishing Machine. At the top of the concrete, the machine removes a thin layer of concrete with a few millimeters of thickness. A high-quality layer of protection is applied to achieve the desired polished surface.
The wet concrete is sprinkled with rock salt, which is then rinsed away, resulting in tiny pits in the finished product to create salt concrete finishes. Decorative, rough, subtle texture and skid resistance are added to plain or colored concrete by applying this finish. A newly built concrete surface is salt finished by rolling coarse rock salt crystals over it and then rinsing it off with streams of water once the concrete has solidified. This coating gives plain or colored concrete surfaces a lovely, rough, subtle texture and increased traction.
With specialized tools and equipment, a polished concrete finish may be achieved on any concrete surface. These are some of the most commonly used concrete finishing methods, and they all work well. Using specialized machines and techniques, a penetrant chemical may also generate various textures to achieve a polished concrete surface.
These finishes are also applicable to walls. "Wall finish" means that the wall is there to improve the aesthetics inside and outside of a building. In the 1950s and early 1960s, Brutalist architecture was a huge fan of this sort of concrete. Architects, interior designers, and homeowners alike are drawn to the long-lasting beauty of concrete wall treatment. When it comes to the appearance of a concrete surface, finishing is the most significant step.